* Cornel West
In the wake of WWII, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was drafted by nine people from around the world. On December 10, 1948, the the General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Eight nations abstained from the vote but none actively disagreed.
Hernán Santa Cruz of Chile, a member of the drafting sub-Committee, wrote about this occasion:
“I perceived clearly that I was participating in a truly significant historic event in which a consensus had been reached as to the supreme value of the human person, a value that did not originate in the decision of a worldly power, but rather in the fact of existing—which gave rise to the inalienable right to live free from want and oppression and to fully develop one’s personality. In the Great Hall…there was an atmosphere of genuine solidarity and brotherhood among men and women from all latitudes, the like of which I have not seen again in any international setting.”
This is the first time in human history that we all officially agreed that all human beings are entitled to basic rights, simply by virtue of being alive.
In Irish there is an expression – “Tus maith, leath na hoibre,” which translates as, “A good start is half the work.”
It was a good start.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
We are all convinced that our conception of beauty is natural. We think we like what we like, nobody teaches us what to like, either people are beautiful or they aren’t.
But is that really the case?
P.S. All of these girls look absolutely beautiful to me.
“It has probably become more dangerous to be a woman than a soldier in armed conflict.”
In 2008 the UN declared rape, ‘ a weapon of war’. In the resolution, the UN Security Council noted that,
“…women and girls are particularly targeted by the use of sexual violence, including as a tactic of war to humiliate, dominate, instil fear in, disperse and/or forcibly relocate civilian members of a community or ethnic group.”
Rape is a heinous crime, acknowledged as torture by the United Nations and yet apart from the physical, emotional and psychological scars that rape inflicts, there is another source of pain for rape victims – social exclusion. In many countries the shame experienced by the victims after rape is as traumatic as the incident itself. Many women kill themselves as it is seen as the only way to restore honour to their families.
How can this be true?
Surely the perpetrators of heinous crimes are the ones who should be ashamed?
And who are the people who exclude or look down on these victims?
Do these excluders and condemners include women?
If so – why?
What is it about rape that makes the victims ashamed and not the perpetrators?
When will men – and women – begin to speak out against this violation?
What sort of social conceptual framework exists to support this victimisation of victims?
If we could find it could we dismantle it?
All thoughts appreciated.
- Nearly 1 in 5 Women in U.S. Survey Report Sexual Assault (nytimes.com)
- Disturbing New Information About Rape (cosmopolitan.com)
- Cambodia’s future rests on punishing past sexual crimes, argue campaigners | Hanna Hindstrom (guardian.co.uk)
- Eradicating Rape in Wartime (thedailybeast.com)
- The Disease of Rape. (radicalglasgowblog.blogspot.com)
- she was RAPED! BUT WHY? (boobykizzy.wordpress.com)
Nowadays, when we think of human rights, what exactly do we think?
Do we think that human rights are nothing to do with us?
That human rights are best left to activists?
Eleanor Roosevelt, Chair of the UN Commission that wrote the UDHR, had a very different vision of human rights –
In small places, close to home—so close and so small that they cannot be seen on any maps of the world. Yet they are the world of the individual person; the neighborhood he lives in; the school or college he attends; the factory, farm or office where he works. Such are the places where every man, woman, and child seeks equal justice, equal opportunity, equal dignity without discrimination. Unless these rights have meaning there, they have little meaning anywhere. Without concerted citizen action to uphold them close to home, we shall look in vain for progress in the larger world.
Butterfly effects for human rights?
- This Day in History: UN General Assembly Adopts Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) (euzicasa.wordpress.com)
- Human Rights Day- What actually Human rights are? (saifscribbles.wordpress.com)
- Human Rights Day 2011 (clovencinnamon.wordpress.com)
- Human Rights Day 10.12. (mariotkalac.wordpress.com)
- Human Rights Defenders Have No Right to Give Up as Exceptionalism and Hypocrisy Continue to Deny ‘Universal’ Human Rights of Palestinians (altahrir.wordpress.com)
- [Blogger] Happy 63! [December 10, 1948] – koihernandez.wordpress.com (hronlineph.com)
- Human Rights Not Quite Universal | ROMEDIA FOUNDATION (worldwright.wordpress.com)
- Petition Targets Human Rights Education (prweb.com)
In their book, Half the Sky, Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl Wudunn tell the story of an Indian neighbourhood – Kasturba Nagar – a place where the inhabitants are Dalits (Untouchables) and the lanes run with sewage and desperation.
For almost fifteen years, Akku Yadav and his gang ruled the slum with weapons of terror. They robbed, tortured and murdered at will – much of the time choosing rape as their preferred method of controlling the people. In this area rape is so stigmatizing that the victims often remained silent, which allowed Akku Yadav to act with impunity. The few that reported the crime were ignored by the police.
The slum-dwellers say Akku Yadav once raped a woman right after her wedding and that he and his gang dragged another woman – who was seven months pregnant – into the street where they raped her in public view. They also gang-raped another woman just ten days after she’d given birth – that woman was so humiliated she killed herself by dousing herself with kerosene and setting herself on fire.
In addition to the rapes, Akku Yadav once stripped a man, burned him with cigarettes and made him dance in front of his sixteen year old daughter and tortured a woman by cutting off her breasts and cutting her to pieces in front of her daughter and neighbours. One man, Avinash Tiwari, planned to go to the police, so Akku Yadav butchered him as well.
The inhabitants were terrified of Akku Yadav. 25 families moved away but most had no hope of escape, so they took their daughters out of school and hid them in their houses to try to protect them. And the police didn’t help – as long as Yadav targeted Dalits they didn’t interfere.
Usha Narayane is from this neighbourhood but her parents struggled and saved all their lives to educate her and her siblings. She has a degree in hotel management and was due to begin work when she went home for a visit.
Akku Yadav was rampaging as usual. He raped a thirteen-year-old girl and then he and his men went to the neighbours of the Narayanes to demand money. The gang broke up the house and threatened to kill the family. The neighbours were too terrified to act, so Usha went to the police to file a complaint for them.
The police told Akku Yadav what she had done and he and 40 men surrounded Usha’s house. Yadav had a bottle of acid and he shouted at Usha to back down. She barricaded herself inside and called the police – but they didn’t come. So Usha turned on the gas in her house and told Yadav if he came in she’d blow them all up.
The neighbors were unsure what to do but when they saw Usha fighting back it gave them courage and they hurled sticks and stones at Yadav and his men. The gang ran off. The Dalits were ecstatic – for the first time ever they had defeated Akku Yadav and his men. The slum-dwellers burned down Yadav’s house and he was arrested for his own protection.
Akku Yadav’s bail hearing was scheduled and rumour had it that he’d bribed the police and was going to be released. The hearing was set for a court miles away in Nagpur. Hundreds of Dalit women marched to attend. Akku Yadav strutted into court, confident and unrepentant. He saw a woman he had raped and called her a prostitute and said he’d rape her again. She ran forward and hit him with a slipper and then all the women came forward and surrounded him screaming and shouting. They threw chili powder at the police guarding him and then the women pulled out knives and began to stab Akku Yadav. They had agreed that each of them would stab him at least once. They killed him and cut off his penis and then marched back to Kasturba Nagar. The slum had a party – the monster was dead.
Everyone knew Usha Narayane had orchestrated the murder but she wasn’t in court that day and though she was arrested nobody could prove her involvement. The woman had decided if they all stabbed him no one wound – or one woman – could be said to have killed him. A public outcry followed the murder of Akku Yadav and the plight of Kasturba Nagar became public. A retired high court judge took the part of the women saying they’d sought help from the police and had been abandoned.
This is the type of story that clearly demonstrates to me the type of moral dilemma that plagues our world. Akka Yadav had clearly caused immense suffering and was no loss to humanity. The police were corrupt and the Dalits had no recourse to justice. One has to wonder if it is just to allow suffering to continue. Or to allow the tyrant to thrive.
Perhaps it’s the savagery of the attack but somehow the solution feels wrong as well. It reminds me of war. But having said that – what else could they do?
I don’t know the answer.
What do you think?
It has come to be synonymous with pointless protocol or manipulative patter designed to delude. It isn’t any of these things.
Courtesy is simply showing respect for others – even small children and people who have no power or influence. Respect for their human rights. Their bodily integrity. Their views and opinions. Their beliefs and ideas. Their homes and possessions. Their existence.
Therefore, to really be courteous we must first have that respect for everybody – and then show it. Because to be treated with real courtesy is our right, just as to show that courtesy to everyone is our responsibility.
…observe courtesy, for above all it is the prince of virtues…Who is illumined with the light of courtesy…hath indeed attained a sublime station. (1)
(1) Bahá’u’lláh – Tablet of the World