In 1993, the constitution of India was amended to stipulate that one third of positions as village chief were to be reserved for women. These positions were randomly allocated. The results were not always as positive as one might hope – often even the women complained about the female leaders. However, there was one very significant outcome – follow-up research suggests that once a village has had one female leader the bias against female chiefs disappears and their candidacy and actions are judged by gender neutral standards. (1)
The same would seem to be true in Ireland – having had two consecutive female presidents – both of whom did a marvellous job – the electorate has moved into a very gender neutral place and we now have a male president. The expectation is that he will bring to the job many of the same characteristics of care, community development, human rights protection etc., that Mary Robinson and Mary McAleese made the trademark of their presidencies. Michael D. Higgins was elected because he is who he is – nothing to do with his gender – and this is due at least in part to us being used to female presidents in Ireland.
If gender neutrality is achieved in political and public life by simply adding women (properly) to the mix – what other emergent advantages might equality – gender and racial and social – bring to all our societies?
Photograph – 11th November 2011 – Inauguration of President Michael D Higgins at Dublin Castle. (The former Presidents Robinson and McAleese, are dressed in red)
(1) Nick Kristoff and Sheryl Woo Dunn, Half the Sky pp 217-18
- Poet Michael Higgins wins Irish presidency (cbsnews.com)
- Mary McAleese Fianna Fail’s Greatest Triumph over the past decade (politics.ie)
- Irish president Mary McAleese signs civil partnerships bill into law (pinkbananaworld.com)
- Inauguration Set For Irish President Higgins (news.sky.com)
- A child gender identity. (theincredibletide.wordpress.com)
- Peace Award for Mary McAleese (tithebarn.wordpress.com)