The Trail of Tears is the name given to the forced relocation of Native Americans following the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The relocation was mostly from the southeastern United States to present day Oklahoma. The removal included the Cherokee, Muscogee (Creek), Seminole, Chickasaw and Choctaw nations.
This forced movement not only dispossessed many Native American nations, it also resulted in thousands of deaths from exposure, disease and starvation. The name, Trail of Tears, originates from a description of the removal of the Choctaw Nation in 1831.
Sixteen years later, in 1847, the Choctaw survivors of the Trail of Tears heard of the Great Famine in Ireland. They heard about the dispossession and starvation that had been going on in Ireland since 1845. Though clearly not wealthy or advantaged themselves, they responded by collecting $710 and sending it to help starving Irish men, women and children.
According to a written account at the time, “Traders, missionaries, and (Indian) agency officials contributed, but the greater part of the money was supplied by the Indians themselves.“(1)
The Choctaw sent the money to Memphis – one of the cities in which the military had gathered them before they set out on the Trail of Tears. From there it made its way to Irish famine victims.
The astounding actions of the Choctaw are an example of how suffering acquires meaning when it is transmuted into understanding and generosity.
Photograph – Famine Memorial, Dublin, Ireland.
- How the Choctaws Saved the Irish (indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com)
- University of Arkansas Dedicates Trail of Tears Park (indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com)
- Choctaw and Chickasaw Tribes Fight for Water Rights (indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com)
- Looking To The Past: The Africans, The Indians, and What People Seeking Freedom Can Envision (historyisastateofmind.wordpress.com)
- If you want to know more about Native Americans … (mitbc.org)
- Trail of Tears (dickiebo.wordpress.com)